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Posted by star on 2022-01-10 15:56:40 Hits:101
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Min Feng, Ningfei Dong, Xin Zhou, Lihong Ma & Rui Xiang
From: Bioengineered

Abstract  
Colorectal cancer is a common type of cancer with high incidence and poor prognosis. Increased expression of myosin light chain 9 (MYL9) has been reported in early-stage and recurrent colorectal cancer tissues. This study aimed to investigate the precise role of MYL9 on the progression of colorectal cancer. MYL9 expression in several colorectal cancer cell lines was detected by Western blotting and RT-qPCR. Following MYL9 over expression or knockdown, MYL9 expression was determined via RT-qPCR. Cell proliferation was detected with Cell Counting Kit-8 assay. Cell invasion, migration and angiogenesis were, respectively, examined with transwell, wound healing and tube formation assays. The binding between MYL9 and Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1) was verified by a co-immuno precipitation assay. The expression of YAP1, connective tissue growth factor and cysteine-rich angiogenic inducer 61 was examined by Western blotting. Subsequently, YAP1 silencing or Hippo antagonist was performed to clarify the regulatory mechanisms of MYL9 in colorectal cancer progression. Experimental results showed that MYL9 expression was elevated in colorectal cancer cell lines. MYL9 overexpression promoted cell proliferation, invasion, migration and angiogenesis, while silencing of MYL9 exerted the opposite effects. Results of co-immuno precipitation assay indicated that MYL9 could bind to YAP1. Further experiments revealed that MYL9 affected the expression of YAP1 and its downstream signaling proteins. Afterward, YAP1 knockdown or the addition of Hippo antagonist inhibited the proliferation, invasion, migration and angiogenesis of colorectal cancer cells. Overall, MYL9 promotes the proliferation, invasion, migration and angiogenesis of colorectal cancer cells by binding to YAP1 and thereby activating Hippo signaling.
KEYWORDS: MYL9, YAP1, Hippo, colorectal cancer, migration, invasion
 
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